|Habit/Size||up to 65-70 feet tall|
|Germination||scarify (acid, clippers, hot water, sand paper) before sowing 3/4 to 1 in. deep in spring.|
|Requirements||Tolerant of most soil types and pH levels. Requires full sun. Can tolerate pollution, highly alkaline, and saline soils.|
|Zones||USDA zones 3-8|
|Life Cycle||deciduous tree|
|Harvest||Young seeds and seedpods are sweet and can be eaten raw or cooked. Roasted seeds can be used as a coffee substitute*. Roasting at 300 degrees F for 3-4 hours is necessacery to destroy toxins in the seeds. Also eaten as a nut after roasting (see notes on toxicity).|
|Uses||edible (seeds, seedpods)*, medicinal*, utility (insecticide, soap, wood)|
|Notes||Seeds contain hyrocyanic acid. It can be almost entirerly eliminated by heating for at least 180-200 min at 300 degrees F+. Like many plants, including many beans and quinoa, seeds contain saponins which can be harmful if consumed in large quantities, but are poorly absorbed by the human body. Boiling in water with several changes of water can help reduce saponin content. Saponins are highly toxic to some other animals, which is why many native tribes used them to kill fish.|
|Breed Status||Open Pollinated|
|Characteristics||greenish white flowers|
|Seed Storage||Store seeds cold and dry (34-41 degrees F).|
|Synonyms||Gymnocladus canadensis, Guilandina dioica|
**Purchasers are responsible for understanding and complying with all local laws, restrictions, and regulations. For more information and a list of restricted plants and seeds, please visit the USDA's composite list of Federal and State noxious weeds. The extent Amkha Seed LLC can be held liable for damages is limited to replacement of the item, or a refund of the purchase price (within 30 days of purchase). Click here for more information.
Seed Image by Amkha Seed.