Also known as hedge apple, mock orange, horse apple, bodark, monkey ball, bow-wood, yellow-wood, and bois d'arc. Synonyms include Ioxylon pomiferum, Joxylon pomiferum, Maclura aurantiaca, Toxylon aurantiacum, Toxylon maclura, and Toxylon pomiferum. Perennial in USDA zones 4-9.
|Habit/Size||up to 50 feet tall|
|Germination||Direct sow in fall or stratify (cold/moist) for 30 days before sowing 3/8 in. deep.|
|Requirements||Tolerant of most soil types and pH levels. Requires full sun. Medium water needs. Can tolerate poor soils and maritime exposure.|
|Zones||USDA zones 4-9|
|Life Cycle||deciduous tree|
|Harvest||Though somewhat toxic, the fruit contains an antioxidant usful for preserving food (especially oils). The heartwood and roots also contain compounds usful as a preservative.|
|Uses||edible (heartwood, roots)*, medicinal*, utility (antibiotic, dye, fungicide, preservative, repellent, tannins, wood)|
|Notes||The fruit and other parts of the plant contain toxins. The milky sap can cause skin irritation for some people.|
|Breed Status||Open Pollinated|
|Resistance||Resistant to Honey Fungus.|
|Saving Seeds/Propagation||Maclura pomifera is dioecious (each flower is either male or female but only one sex per plant). It is not self-fertile so both male and female plants are required to harvest seeds.|
|Seed Storage||Store seeds cold and dry (34-41 degrees F).|
|Synonyms||Ioxylon pomiferum, Joxylon pomiferum, Maclura aurantiaca, Maclura pomifera var. inermis, Toxylon aurantiacum, Toxylon maclura, Toxylon pomiferum|
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Original Image by H. Zell, Some rights reserved. Seed Image by Amkha Seed.