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    Also known as globe artichoke.

    Habit/Size 3-5 ft. wide, 3-5 ft. tall
    Days To Maturity 80-90 DTM after transplant
    Germination sow in spring or fall (depending on zone) or start indoors 2-3 mo. before last frost, cold stratify 14-21 days, sow 1/2 in. deep
    Zones USDA 5-9a (annual), 7-9a (perennial)
    Life Cycle perennial often grown as an annual
    Harvest harvest before petals open (about 4-5 in. buds)
    Uses edible*(curdling agent, flowers, leaves, stems), medicinal*, utility (dye)
    Notes will benefit from vernalization (artificial winter) @ 50 F for 2-3 weeks
    Breed Status Open Pollinated
    Seeds Per Oz. ≈ 600
    Synonyms Cynara cardunculus 'scolymus'

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