Common names include globe artichoke
|Zones||USDA 5-9a (annual), 7-9a (perennial)|
|Germination||sow in spring or fall (depending on zone) or start indoors 2-3 mo. before last frost, cold stratify 14-21 days, sow 1/2 in. deep|
|Uses||edible (curdling agent, flowers, leaves, stems), medicinal, utility (dye)|
|Notes||will benefit from vernalization (artificial winter) @ 50 F for 2-3 weeks|
|Breed Status||open pollinated|
|Days To Maturity||80-90 days after transplant|
|Habit/Size||3-5 ft. wide, 3-5 ft. tall|
|Harvest||harvest before petals open (about 4-5 in. buds)|
|Seeds Per Oz.||≈ 600|
|Synonyms||Cynara cardunculus 'scolymus'|
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