|Habit/Size||up to 65 feet tall|
|Germination||Stratify (warm) 30 days, then stratify (cold) for 90-120 days. Scarification aids in germination.|
|Requirements||Tolerant of most soil types and pH levels and can grow in highly alkaline soils. Requires full sun. Medium water needs.|
|Zones||USDA zones 3-9|
|Life Cycle||evergreen tree|
|Uses||edible (fruit)*, medicinal*, utility (dye, essential oils, insecticide, repellant, soap, wood)|
|Notes||All parts of Juniperus virginiana may be toxic, and should always be avoided by pregnant woman.|
|Breed Status||Open Pollinated|
|Saving Seeds/Propagation||Juniperus virginiana is dioecious (each flower is either male or female, but only one sex exists per plant). It is not self-fertile so both male and female plants must be grown together for harvesting seeds.|
|Seed Storage||Store seeds cold and dry (34-41 degrees F).|
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Seed Image by Amkha Seed.